eMobility Battery Recycling
At the end of their useful life, and at the time of damage or identified defect, rechargeable lithium batteries used to power eBikes, eSkateboards, eScooters, and Hoverboards need to be collected and recycled in accordance with both good practice and provincial & federal regulatory requirements for safe handling, shipping, and processing. To meet these requirements, Call2Recycle is expanding its service and recycling offerings to help obligated entities satisfy their obligations and ensure these batteries are responsible managed at their end of life.
With more and more new eMobility products sold into market, the safe end-of-life management is essential to ensure their lithium-based batteries do not end up in landfills where they take up valuable space for non-recyclable items and could cause a thermal event.
If you manufacture, distribute, sell, rideshare, or rent battery-powered eMobility products, per provincial regulations, you may be obligated to participate in a stewardship program in British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec.
For full program details:
- eMOBILITY RECYCLING GUIDE We encourage you to read the program recycling guide that Call2Recycle prepared which will provide additional details surrounding the recycling of eMobility batteries.
- BRITISH COLUMBIA eMOBILITY GUIDEBOOK: Read the guidebook for an overview of eMobility recycling regulations and requirements in the province
- eMOBILITY WEBINAR RECORDING March 10th – English and March 12th – French
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW
WHO IS OBLIGATED TO PARTICIPATE?
The regulations regarding who is the obligated member varies by province.
- The OEM eMobility product manufacturer/brand owner/first importer/company operator who has a place of business in Canada can be the member on behalf of their retail network
- If you import or acquire domestically finished eMobility product for the use in a ride sharing or rental company, your business may be an obligated steward in province(s) it does business in.
- If you are the provincial importer of OEM eMobility products and/or aftermarket batteries and operate as a franchise of the OEM or independent bicycle retailer, and your OEM is not becoming a member of Call2Recycle, your business may be an obligated steward in the province(s) you operate within for that OEM’s brand.
- If you import batteries and/or parts for the assembly of battery modules and/or packs in Canada, your business may be obligated in the province(s) you operate within.
- If you import batteries and/or eMobility product for the sale out of corporate-owned stores and the internet (under your own company’s name or third-party brand name), your business may be obligated in the province(s) it does business in or ships to.
- If you are importing, distributing and/or retailing a brand of eMobility product whose company does not have business operations in Canada (i.e. this brand is not owned by your company and there are no Canadian offices for this brand), your business may be an obligated member in the province(s) it does business in or ships to.
WHAT PRODUCTS ARE INCLUDED IN THE REGULATIONS?
This program is structured with a combination of ‘member services agreements’ for regulated products in regulated provinces for batteries and eMobility products, and ‘private business contracts’ in non-regulated jurisdictions, to achieve national scope for industry. Additionally, the British Columbia program covers the eMobility product in its entirety.
Manitoba, Quebec, and Prince Edward Island where regulations are in place:
- Batteries used to propel eMobility products sold as part of an OEM eMobility device
- Batteries used to propel eMobility products sold as aftermarket replacement batteries
- Batteries used to propel eBikes sold as part of aftermarket conversion kits for bicycles
- Batteries used to propel eMobility products used within ride sharing or rental business
Saskatchewan, where regulations are recently in effect and Call2Recycle’s program plan is under review:
- We anticipate batteries used to propel eMobility products, their aftermarket replacements, conversion kits and those used in ride sharing or rental businesses will be included for the January 1, 2021 start date.
British Columbia where regulations require that the eMobility product must be recycled in its entirety (including battery). These regulations are in place today and companies are required to be compliant.
- eMobility product (eBicycle, eSkateboard, eScooter, or Hoverboard) in its entirety, including the battery.
- The regulations for eMobility recycling in BC are more nuanced; please visit our British Columbia eMobility Recycling Program webpage for additional detail.
Ontario, where pending regulations state the aftermarket battery is recycled on its own
- Aftermarket batteries: We will operate under member services agreement per the regulations.
- OEM batteries sold with eMobility product: We will operate under private business contract between individual companies and Call2Recycle, where we will collect and recycle the batteries used to propel eMobility products, conversion kits and those used in ride sharing or rental businesses.
Alberta, Ontario, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland
- Where battery legislation does not yet exist, we will operate in these provinces based on ‘private business contract’ between individual companies and Call2Recycle, where we will collect and recycle batteries used to propel eMobility products, their aftermarket replacements, conversion kits and those used in ride sharing or rental businesses, and will do so for the same price as in regulated provinces.
WHERE CAN I FIND MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THE REGULATIONS?
To learn more about provincial battery stewardship regulations for eMobility batteries, we encourage you to check the provincial regulations as follow:
- British Columbia Environmental Management Act Recycling Regulation
The electronic and electrical product category includes batteries that could be used in electronic or electrical products, including primary batteries and rechargeable batteries. This applies to batteries used in electronic sporting equipment.
- Manitoba Waste Reduction and Prevention (WRAP) Act
Batteries are included in the Household Hazardous Material and Prescribed Material Stewardship Regulation. This includes devices that convert chemical energy to electrical energy and that can be restored to full charge by the application of electrical energy.
- Ontario Ministry of the Environment Conservation and Parks
The final regulation for producer responsible end-of-life product management for single-use and rechargeable batteries will take effect in July 2020. The provincial government is presently reviewing the final regulation, and we await its publishing.
- Prince Edward Island Environmental Protection Act: Materials Stewardship and Recycling Regulations
The Act and regulations list rechargeable and single-use batteries as designated materials. In the case of a rechargeable or single-use battery contained in a device or product that is a designated material under these regulations, (a) subsections (1) and (2) do not apply; and (b) the rechargeable or single-use battery shall be dealt with in accordance with the stewardship program for the device or product in which it is contained.
- Quebec Environmental Quality Act
Article 29 establishes the products covered by Section 2 of Chapter VI, namely most rechargeable batteries and single-use batteries. Batteries placed on the market as a component of another product, such as batteries placed on the market in a watch, a toy, a tool, a bicycle, a scooter, etc. are also covered (see Article 3).
- Saskatchewan Household Hazardous Waste Products Stewardship Regulations
The recently released regulations, include requirements for single-use and rechargeable batteries defined as devices that convert chemical energy to electrical energy and that can be restored to full charge by the application of electrical energy. The Saskatchewan Ministry of the Environment has not yet announced the program effective date for 2020.
WHAT RECYCLING OPTIONS ARE AVAILABLE FOR EMOBILITY BATTERIES?
- For personal use eMobility products, Call2Recycle will supply UN-approved, pre-addressed fire-retardant battery shipping boxes to bicycle retailers who are registered as collection sites with Call2Recycle.When the consumer returns an end-of-life or defective battery, it is inspected then placed in the fire-retardant shipping box and sent by approved carrier for recycling at a pre-approved processor. Additional boxes are ordered from Call2Recycle at any time by calling 1-888-665-0908.
- For ride sharing eMobility products, at the time such batteries are damaged in the field and/or reach end-of-life, the operator will call Call2Recycle at 1-888-665-0908 and discuss quantity, location, situation. The proper sized container will be sent to location for loading by operator’s employees based upon clear standard operating procedures (SOPs) pre-approved by both organizations. Call2Recycle will arrange for pick-up and recycling.
WHO DO I CONTACT FOR MORE INFORMATION?
Member Services Team: Toll free 1-888-665-0908